Frequently Asked Questions

Please contact us if your question is not here.

For frequently asked questions on what happens after the OIA has closed a complaint, please visit the dedicated page.

Question 1
I think that I have exhausted the internal complaints procedures but the university has not issued a Completion of Procedures Letter. What should I do?


You should ask the provider for a Completion of Procedures Letter, preferably in writing. Ask the provider to tell you how to progress the complaint if it will not issue a Completion of Procedures Letter at this stage. Keep a copy of your letter. If the provider does not get back to you within a reasonable time let us know and send us a copy of the letter you sent to the provider.

Question 2
I am having difficulty in completing the Complaint Form, what should I do?


If you need help completing this form, please contact us on or 0118 959 9813.

Question 3
What happens if I submit my Complaint Form late? Will you still look at my complaint?


We will not consider a complaint unless the completed Complaint Form is received within 12 months of the date of the Completion of Procedures Letter (or the date upon which the provider has given notice to you of its final decision on the complaint or appeal).

Question 4
I have a Completion of Procedures Letter. There have been delays by the provider / I am unhappy with the way the provider dealt with my complaint/appeal. Do I have to take the complaint/appeal back through the internal complaints procedures of the provider before you look at it?


No, we will normally consider this as part of your complaint as long as you have included it in your Complaint Form as a complaint.

Question 5
I worked really hard and know I did well in my exams but did not get the result I deserve. Can you look at my complaint?


No, we will not look at your complaint if it is a matter of academic judgment. We will however look at your complaint if there has been unfairness or a procedural irregularity in the determination of your result.

Question 6
I am one of a group of students on the same course and we all want to complain about the course. How do we do this?


We are able to deal with group complaints. The documents in support of the complaint need only be submitted once, but every complainant needs to complete and sign their own Complaint Form and provide a copy of their Completion of Procedures Letter (which may refer to all the complainants concerned).

Question 7
I live abroad and am going home at the end of the term. Can you still look at my complaint if I am not in the country?


Yes, as long as you provide us with all your contact details. It is possible for us to send correspondence via e-mail.

Question 8
I would like to take legal action against the HE provider. Can you help?


Sorry, we cannot advise you on this. Please bear in mind that the OIA was set up as an alternative to the Courts.

Question 9
I have a complaint about discrimination by a provider which I could take to the courts. What happens if I go to the OIA?


Under the Higher Education Act 2004, students who bring a complaint to the OIA about sex, race or disability discrimination are allowed additional time within which to institute court proceedings over and above the usual time limits set by the courts. However, you should bear in mind that the time limits set by the court will start running when the original incident occurred. 

In considering issues related to discrimination the OIA does not act as a court.  It does not investigate or make legal findings in the same manner as a court.  However, it is appropriate for the OIA to refer to the law and guidance on discrimination to form an opinion as to good practice and to decide whether the provider has acted fairly.  So, for example, we might look at whether a provider has given adequate consideration to whether its procedures are placing a disabled student at a substantial disadvantage and, if it has not, we might recommend that it does so.  However, we would not make a finding that the provider had discriminated against the student.


Question 10
How do I know that my case-handler doesn’t have a connection with the provider I am complaining about?


Our staff do not review complaints involving a provider they may have a particular connection with. This includes providers that they attended or their children are attending, or that they have previously worked for, and extends to any other connection which may lead to a potential conflict of interests. We review this regularly and we consider the issue each time we allocate a case to a case-handler, and when Decisions are approved.

Question 11
Will my case be dealt with by the same case-handler throughout the OIA process?



Not necessarily. Sometimes we will re-allocate cases, for example if it becomes apparent that your case needs a very detailed review , or if a case-handler is on long-term leave. A case may also be reallocated if workloads mean it would be in your best interests for the complaint to be considered by another case-handler so that a decision can be reached more quickly.. The new case-handler will not start all over again: he or she will pick up where the first case-handler left off and will have access to all of the information already on the file. At all times we try to minimise delay in dealing with a case without compromising on quality.

Your allocated case-handler will always be the person who is best placed to speak to you about your complaint.


Question 12
Does it help if I have a lawyer?


Usually the answer is no. When lawyers are involved, the process tends to take longer and become legalistic. The OIA tries to create a level playing field and you do not need to phrase your complaint in legal language. In our experience the students’ unions may be able to help you.

Question 13
What remedies can the OIA provide?


Where we find a complaint to be Justified or Partly Justified, we may make Recommendations to the provider. You will find some 'Examples of Recommendations' under the section 'Using the Scheme'. You may find our leaflet on the OIA’s approach to remedies and redress helpful.


You may also wish to look at our 'Recent Decisions'.

Question 14
Does the provider have to follow the Recommendations made by the OIA?


Providers are expected to comply with our Final Decision and any Recommendations in full. We consider non-compliance to be a very serious matter which will be reported to our Board and published in our Annual Report. Providers have an excellent record of compliance with OIA Decisions. Recommendations are not binding on the student who has complained.

Question 15
Will the OIA look at my complaint in the same way as a court would?


Our approach is likely to be different to the approach a court would take, and the outcome of your complaint and any remedy we recommend may be different to the outcome or remedy a Court would determine.


Question 16
The OIA is trying to settle my complaint – what does that mean?


In certain cases and if appropriate the OIA may seek to settle a complaint. Settlement is the informal resolution of a complaint brought to us. This means that the complaint is resolved without the need for a full review of the complaint. A settlement opportunity may occur at any stage in our review process. Sometimes the OIA will invite the provider to make an offer to the student. The offer will normally be in full and final settlement of all the issues raised, which means that the student would not be able to take further action in relation to the same issues. Often a complaint can be settled on the basis that the provider offers to re-run a stage of its complaints or appeals procedures because the student, the OIA, or the provider itself has identified a procedural irregularity in the process the provider followed.

If the provider makes what the OIA considers to be a reasonable offer to settle the complaint and the student does not accept it, we may decide to terminate our review on the basis that the provider has made a reasonable offer to settle the complaint.